Modern Pentathlon is a 5 phase Olympic sport consisting of Fencing, Swimming, Riding, Shooting and Running. This sport is referred to as the “true Olympic sport” and the “sport that most accurately conveys the ideals of Olympism”.

Modern Pentathlon is an educational sport. This was the primary wish of its creator, Pierre de Coubertin. The Modern Pentathlon, introduced at the 5th Olympiad in Stockholm in 1912 (and celebrated 100 years at London 2012), embraced the spirit of its ancient counterpart. A complete sport, on the physical side – Swimming & Running are the basic disciplines; on the mental side – Shooting requires stress control and a precise technique; on the intellectual side – Fencing requires adaptability and intelligence; Riding an unknown horse requires a mix of adaptability, self-control and courage.

The choice of the five sports that make up the Modern Pentathlon arose out of the romantic, tough adventures of a liaison officer whose horse was brought down in enemy territory. Having defended himself with his pistol and sword, he swims across a raging river and delivers the message on foot.

Since the sport was created it has undergone many changes in format. Originally taking place over 5 days the sport changed to a one day format for the 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games. Women competed in the Olympics for the first time at Sydney in 2000. In 2008 the International Federation for Modern Pentathlon voted for the shooting and running to be combined and in 2010 the shooting format was changed from air pistols to laser shooting.

video is courtesy of Federação Portuguesa do Pentatlo Moderno

Disciplines: This information in regards to distances and target times is for Senior events. The younger athletes competing in the younger Categories (Youth A, B, C,D and E) have shorter distances with target times and scores adjusted according to the Category. More detailed information can be found in the rules.

Fencing: Pentathletes will fence all other competitors once using electric epees. Bouts are fenced for one hit and last a maximum of one minute. Double hits are annulled. If neither fencer has scored a hit within the time limit, a double defeat will be recorded.

Swimming: A 200m freestyle swim. The Pentathletes will be seeded in heats in accordance with their personal best times. A time of 2 minutes 30 seconds equates to 1000 Pentathlon points.

Riding: The Pentathletes will ride unfamiliar horses over a series of 12 show-jumping obstacles with the horses having been provided locally. The leading Pentathlete after the previous disciplines draws their horse by lot. On the basis of this draw, the other horses (which have been previously numbered) are allocated to the other competitors. The athletes have 20 minutes in the warm-up arena over five practice jumps before coming out to compete.

Combined event (running and shooting): The climax to the competition. The combined event begins with a handicapped start, calculated on the basis of the results after the previous events. It is a two discipline event, where athletes will run a total distance of 3000m. The run is interspersed by shooting three sets of 5 electronic targets. Only after having hit 5 targets with an unlimited number of shots OR after a time of 1 minute 10 seconds can the competitor start from the firing point to perform each running leg of 1000m. The first person to cross the line is the winner. A time of 12 minutes 30 seconds equates to 2000 pentathlon points

contact:info@Pentathlon.ie for more details